HIV / Aids

How is HIV transmitted?

HIV can be transmitted by:

  • Sexual intercourse; vaginal and anal [see: A-Z of W2W Sex]
  • Exchanging body fluids; semen, vaginal fluid, blood and breast milk
  • Blood transfusion or blood products;
  • Sharing of injecting equipment such as needles or body piercing;
  • Transmission from mother to child.

HIV can NOT be transmitted by:

  • Coughing or sneezing;
  • Insect bites like mosquitoes;
  • Touching or hugging;
  • Water or food;
  • Kissing
  • Sharing toothbrushes;
  • Public baths and toilets.

For HIV to be transmitted the infected body fluids has to get into the blood stream of the other person – this can happen through cuts and tears in the skin and the mucous membranes.