How is HIV transmitted?
HIV can be transmitted by:
- Sexual intercourse; vaginal and anal [see: A-Z of W2W Sex]
- Exchanging body fluids; semen, vaginal fluid, blood and breast milk
- Blood transfusion or blood products;
- Sharing of injecting equipment such as needles or body piercing;
- Transmission from mother to child.
HIV can NOT be transmitted by:
- Coughing or sneezing;
- Insect bites like mosquitoes;
- Touching or hugging;
- Water or food;
- Sharing toothbrushes;
- Public baths and toilets.
For HIV to be transmitted the infected body fluids has to get into the blood stream of the other person – this can happen through cuts and tears in the skin and the mucous membranes.
- What is HIV?
- What are the different strains?
- How is HIV transmitted?
- The Link between STIs and HIV
- The Link between Substance Abuse and HIV Transmission
- What are the clinical features of HIV?
- How is HIV managed?
- How is HIV prevented?
- What are the clinical features of AIDS?
- What are opportunistic infections?
- How is AIDS managed?