What are STIs?
Sexual Transmitted Infection (STI) is a disease or infection that is contracted through unprotected sexual activity. Although overlooked by many, STI’s can be dangerous, sometimes fatal, and will increase your risk of contracting HIV. Early detection of a STI is less fatal and more easily treatable.
How are STIs transmitted?
STI’s are transmitted through unprotected penetrative sex, oral sex and rubbing of genitals.
How are STIs diagnosed?
STI’s are diagnosed by taking blood samples, urine testing, smears and more often used, rapid tests.
How are STIs treated/managed?
Effective management of STIs is one of the cornerstones of STI control, as it prevents the development of complications and decreases the spread of those infections in the community and offers a unique opportunity for targeted education about HIV prevention.
On first contact a client may experience the following:
- General history taking and sexual history
- Clinical examination (may include performance of a urine test, rapid finger prick test, and taking of blood sample or smear.
- Diagnosing of particular STI
- Establish a risk reduction plan
- Health education and prevention regarding sexual health
- Early and effective treatment
- Partner identification (clients partner should be treated as well)
- Providing of “play safe” pack (Condoms, lubrication, Gloves and Dental Dam)
How are STIs prevented?
- Be faithful ;
- Condomise and use Dental Dam for oral sex;
- Tell your partner if you have a STI ;
- Don’t have sex if you or your partner are being treated for an STI;
- Look for signs and symptoms in your partner and yourself;
- Wash your genitals with soap and water before and after sex, urinate soon after you have sex. This may help clean away some germs before they have a chance to infect you;
- Regular check-ups (1-2 times per year); and
- Correct condom use.