Scabies

Scabies

Features/ Symptoms

  • Caused by a parasitic mite that burrow into the skin;
  • Also known as the “Itch”;
  • Severe itching at night;
  • Red lines in the skin as the scabies burrow, pencil-like tracks most often in the folds and creases of the skin;
  • Commonly in the following areas:
    • Breast area;
    • Female genital area;
    • Inner elbow area;
    • Shoulder blades;
    • Armpits;
    • Waste area;
    • Between fingers;
    • Buttocks area;
    • Behind the knees;
    • Inside area of the waist;
    • Soles of the feet.
  • Ulcers develop after scratching, secondary infection develop on the skin due to scratching with dirty nails.

Progression

A mature female mite burrows into the skin and lay eggs. The eggs hatches within 3-4 days, becomes larva within 3-4 days after hatching and adult mites within 10 days. The mite feed on the blood of the host.

Causes
Scabies is caused by a microscopic (< 1mm) mite called Sarcoptes Scabiei var. hominis. It causes and allergic reaction to the skin as the mite digs burrows below the skin. Can cause secondary infection on the skin due to scratching with dirty nails.
Treatment/ Management
Treated with special shampoo and soap. Clothes, linen and towels should be washed in hot water and left to sun dry. Iron clothes, linen and towels should be iron with a hot iron. Mattress of bed should be put out into the sun.